Simone de Beauvoir (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)There are some thinkers who are, from the very beginning, unambiguously identified as philosophers e. There are others whose philosophical place is forever contested e. Simone de Beauvoir is one of these belatedly acknowledged philosophers. That place is now uncontested. Her enduring contributions to the fields of ethics, politics, existentialism, phenomenology and feminist theory and her significance as an activist and public intellectual is now a matter of record.
THE SECOND SEX BY SIMONE DE BEAUVOIR IN HINDI MEG5
Introduction to Simone de Beauvoir’s ‘The Second Sex’
Simone de Beauvoir is seldom recognized by critics as a political thinker. Of all her writings, however, Beauvoir is by far best known for The Second Sex. The intense focus on this one book ironically served to obscure the importance of her other work, and its organic links to her political ideas. Her work on situated freedom and the political meanings of embodiment push us to understand how freedom is always situated by context and the reality of social identities. First, while most political theorists claim authority by attempting to deny, or at least transcend, their embodiment, Beauvoir embraces hers: she studies her own situation as a woman alongside a multitude of differently situated women in order to claim authority. And finally, making concrete freedom for individuals her standard for judgment, Beauvoir offers a sophisticated version of existentialism that promises individual freedom, but only as linked to the freedom of all.
The Second Sex provides the clearest account of how women and men might rid themselves of the patriarchal blindness surrounding gender myths. The compulsion to define women as essentially unknowable and as an alternative to the familiar male norm actually supports the need for the male self to feel transcendent and progressive. By undermining these powerful myths — by critiques of how embedded they are in biology, psychoanalysis, history and literature — de Beauvoir subscribed to an emancipatory ethic loosely derived from existentialist tenets of self-determination. Since , she had edited a monthly magazine, Les Temps Modernes, alongside Jean-Paul Sartre and Maurice MerleauPonty, that emphasized the deep interrelatedness of politics and literature as well as featuring a number of formative existentialist essays. Search all titles. Search all titles Search all collections. Your Account Logout.
Beauvoir was then a thirty-eight-year-old public intellectual who had been enfranchised for only a year. Legal birth control would be denied to French women until , and legal abortion, until Not until the late s was there an elected female head of state anywhere in the world. Girls of my generation searching for examples of exceptional women outside the ranks of queens and courtesans, and of a few artists and saints, found precious few. While no one individual or her work is responsible for that seismic shift in laws and attitudes, the millions of young women who now confidently assume that their entitlement to work, pleasure, and autonomy is equal to that of their brothers owe a measure of their freedom to Beauvoir. The Second Sex was an act of Promethean audacity — a theft of Olympian fire — from which there was no turning back. Simone-Ernestine-Lucie-Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir was born in into a reactionary Catholic family with pretensions to nobility.