Vehicle Dynamics and Control
Vehicle Dynamics and Control provides a comprehensive coverage of vehicle control systems and the dynamic models used in the development of these control systems. The control system applications covered in the book include cruise control, adaptive cruise control, ABS, automated lane keeping, automated highway systems, yaw stability control, engine control, passive, active and semi-active suspensions, tire-road friction coefficient estimation, rollover prevention, and hybrid electric vehicle. In developing the dynamic model for each application, an effort is made to both keep the model simple enough for control system design but at the same time rich enough to capture the essential features of the dynamics. A special effort has been made to explain the several different tire models commonly used in literature and to interpret them physically. In the second edition of the book, chapters on roll dynamics, rollover prevention and hybrid electric vehicles have been added, and the chapter on electronic stability control has been enhanced. The use of feedback control systems on automobiles is growing rapidly. This book is intended to serve as a useful resource to researchers who work on the development of such control systems, both in the automotive industry and at universities.
The goals of vehicle dynamics control systems are twofold: First, they make vehicles safer by intervening to provide support in problematic driving situations. Because vehicle dynamics control systems influence vehicle movement, several of the systems have an important role to play in achieving the goal of autonomous driving. For example, the ESC deploys the braking action in autonomous vehicles. Vehicle dynamics control systems are undergoing continuous development to further improve vehicle safety and comfort. As a result, ESC now encompasses a variety of additional support functions, significantly increasing the effort needed for validation during development. At the same time, more and more vehicle variants are reaching the market for each model. As the system must be tested for each vehicle variant, this is also associated with additional testing effort.