Sociological Perspectives on Education | Social ProblemsInternational Review of Education. The interaction and co-operation between the sociology of education and comparative education may lead to the realisation of the three basic functions of science: descriptive, explanatory and operative. A presentation of these issues is difficult because of the blurring of lines of division between related scientific disciplines. In the past two decades, Polish sociology has developed without experiencing any serious inner conflicts. Two basic orientations — empirical and humanistic — have co-existed, and the Marxist approach has gradually become more firmly established. The sociological approach applied to the sciences can be viewed as first, the adoption of sociological concepts and theories; and secondly, the application of the methods and techniques used in sociological research. The history of the relationship between the sociology of education and comparative education goes back to the works of J.
Schools and Society: A Sociological Approach to Education, Third Edition.
The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is mostly concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher , further , adult , and continuing education. Education is seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. Few would argue that any education system accomplishes this goal perfectly. Some take a particularly critical view, arguing that the education system is designed with the intention of causing the social reproduction of inequality. After World War II , however, the subject received renewed interest around the world: from technological functionalism in the US, egalitarian reform of opportunity in Europe, and human-capital theory in economics. These all implied that, with industrialization , the need for a technologically skilled labour force undermines class distinctions and other ascriptive systems of stratification, and that education promotes social mobility.
Scientific Research An Academic Publisher. Affiliation s. The most basic elements of individual growth consist of family, school and society. The study of the relationship between family and education is not only a traditional subject of general pedagogy, but also a major concern of educational sociology. In the view of general pedagogy, the understanding of the relationship between family and education is highlighted by the emphasis in school education and the close cooperation with family education, especially in school moral education; more attention is paid to the consistency of school education, family education and education in the society, emphasizing the multi-pronged, mutual cooperation to promote the development of students. However, in pedagogy, family education is a relatively obscure concept, and lack of comprehensive explanation for what is and how it is.
The Functions of Education
Chapter Outline. Education as a process and an idea exists within a societal context. Whether formal or informal learning, education is organized in the society by individuals who are members of a particular group, community, states and nation. So, you understand the significance of the society in educational transactions and organizing curricular events. While pursuing your Bachelor of education you must have studied the Philosophical foundations, Psychological foundations and sociological foundations of education. In this unit we will deal with the sociology of education in details; and the relation between sociology and education.