Book:Socio-political philosophy - WikipediaIt is generally agreed that the central task of social and political philosophy is to provide a justification for coercive institutions. Coercive institutions range in size from the family to the nation-state and world organizations, like the United Nations , with their narrower and broader agendas for action. Yet essentially, they are institutions that at least sometimes employ force or the threat of force to control the behavior of their members to achieve either minimal or wide-ranging goals. To justify such coercive institutions, we need to show that the authorities within these institutions have a right to be obeyed and that their members have a corresponding duty to obey them. In other words, we need to show that these institutions have legitimate authority over their members. In philosophical debate at the beginning of the twenty-first century, a number of competing justifications for coercive institutions have been defended: 1 a libertarian justification, which appeals to an ideal of liberty; 2 a socialist justification, which appeals to an ideal of equality; 3 a welfare liberal justification, which appeals to an ideal of contractual fairness; 4 a communitarian justification, which appeals to an ideal of the common good; and 5 a feminist justification, which appeals to an ideal of a gender-free society.
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The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy is a comprehensive, definitive reference work, providing an up-to-date survey of the field, charting its history and key figures and movements, and addressing enduring questions as well as contemporary research. Features unique to the Companion are:. Book description The Routledge Companion to Social and Political Philosophy is a comprehensive, definitive reference work, providing an up-to-date survey of the field, charting its history and key figures and movements, and addressing enduring questions as well as contemporary research. Features unique to the Companion are: an extensive coverage of the history of social and political thought, including separate chapters on the development of political thought in the Islamic world, India, and China as well in modern Germany, France, and Britain a focus on the core concepts and the normative foundations of social and political theory a seven-chapter section devoted exclusively to distributive justice , the central issue of political philosophy since Rawls' Theory of Justice extensive coverage of global justice and international issues, which recently have emerged as vital topics an eight-chapter section on issues in social and political philosophy.
PHIL Social and Political Philosophy I . Politics Book I. 10 .. Reading: Augustine, Political Writings, The City of God, Books I, pp and XIV, pp 1.
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This course examines the norms or principles that establish and justify societies and determine the rights and responsibilities of a society in relation to its own members, of the members in relation to each other and to society as a whole, and of a society in relation to other societies. The course considers the application of these principles to such issues as justice, human rights, political and social institutions, and world community. The unifying theme of this course will center on the relationship between the development of civilization and the improvement of human beings morally, economically, and politically.
It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: de Bruin , Boudewijn, Zurn , C. Comprising essays by eleven up-and-coming scholars from across the globe, this collection of essays provides an unparalleled snapshot of new work in political philosophy using such diverse methodologies as critical theory and social choice theory, historical analysis and conceptual analysis. In leaving behind problems related to a heavily normative approach to politics, they return to classical problems in our political self-understanding, such as the conceptualization of ideology, engagement with questions of social suffering and human needs, and attention to the subject of politics.