Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe by Robert GellatelyJump to navigation. On another level is Gellately's more provocative thesis: that Lenin should be ranked alongside Hitler and Stalin as "one of the three truly vile despots of the first half of the twentieth century" -- a revision of the tendency of most recent historians to see Hitler and Stalin in a class of their own. Whereas Hitler was for years viewed as uniquely evil, revelations about Soviet crimes -- from the collectivization of farms in the s and s to the gulag -- led to Stalin's "elevation" to a similar rank. See, for example, Alan Bullock's masterful Hitler and Stalin. Gellately persuasively shows Lenin to be as willing as the other two dictators to employ any means necessary to achieve his political goals. But his revisionism is not entirely convincing -- if only because Lenin died before he had the chance to kill on Hitler's and Stalin's scale. Everyone Loses in the U.
Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler
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The Age of Social Catastrophe
Look Inside. Aug 12, ISBN Nov 11, ISBN A bold new accounting of the great social and political upheavals that enveloped Europe between and —from the Russian Revolution through the Second World War. In Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler , acclaimed historian Robert Gellately focuses on the dominant powers of the time, the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, but also analyzes the catastrophe of those years in an effort to uncover its political and ideological nature. Dismantling the myth of Lenin as a relatively benevolent precursor to Hitler and Stalin and contrasting the divergent ways that Hitler and Stalin achieved their calamitous goals, Gellately creates in Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler a vital analysis of a critical period in modern history.
Historian Gellately's Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany new work insists on Lenin's inclusion in any effort to understand the two major and deadly dictatorships of 20th-century Europe, Soviet communism and Nazism. Every horrendous act of the Stalin era had been seeded by Lenin, the author argues. Moreover, the Soviet and Nazi systems developed in tandem, each carefully eying the other, learning from each other, as they both reached an apex of brutality and terror. In developing this analysis, Gellately provides informed but somewhat plodding accounts of the two systems. Not all of the arguments stand up to scrutiny. But in the s Stalin cared for little beyond the Soviet Union and was hardly bent on global conquest. Gellately's approach is relentlessly one-sided in its focus on ideology as the causative factor in history.
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