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The work was originally in Juedo-Arabic, Arabic written in Hebrew letters with quotations from the Torah. An unabridged translation into English by Samuel Rosenblatt was published in The work was mainly written as a defence of Rabbinic Judaism against the views of Karaite Judaism , which rejects the oral law Mishnah and Talmud. In his detailed introduction, Saadia speaks of the reasons that led him to compose it. His heart was grieved when he saw the confusion concerning matters of religion that prevailed among his contemporaries, finding an unintelligent belief and unenlightened views current among those who professed Judaism, while those who denied the faith triumphantly vaunted their errors. Men were sunken in the sea of doubt and overwhelmed by the waves of spiritual error, and there was none to help them; so that Saadia felt himself called and duty bound to save them from their peril by strengthening the faithful in their belief and by removing the fears of those who were in doubt. After a general presentation of the causes of infidelity and the essence of belief, Saadia describes the three natural sources of knowledge: namely, the perceptions of the senses, the light of reason, and logical necessity, as well as the fourth source of knowledge possessed by those that fear God, the "veritable revelation" contained in the Scriptures.
Saadia Gaon draws on philosophy and Islamic theology to provide a rational account of Jewish belief. Rosenblatt New Haven: Altmann Indianapolis: Please note there was a typo in the script for this one - he died in , not ! Which stands to reason given that I said earlier in the episode that he was born in I had spotted the discrepancy, because you had just said that he was an early ninth century figure, but I thought it was deliberate, because the date was followed by "take my word for it", and then you moved on to skepticism about taqlid. I'd rather believe that than renounce my faith that your podcast is inerrant, as I've been told.
Michael Taylor-Judd and Prof. This extended period of contact had a formative impact on both Jewish and Muslim thought, both normative and sectarian.
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